AWAGO – Water governance and peacebuilding in Afghanistan
Designing appropriate regulatory frameworks and institutions
01.12.2022 - 30.11.2025
Considering natural resource management in the peacebuilding process is crucial to restoring and reforming governance to minimize the risk of conflict relapse. With the return of the Taliban, Afghanistan is facing a combination of new and old challenges in organizing water resource management. The project’s main objective is to explain the observed patterns of cooperation and conflict in water resource management and theoretically project potential ones that can emerge under different political regimes. Based on a study area in Afghanistan, the project will contribute a new theoretical understanding of how the peacebuilding process can be supported through water resource projects.
The research focuses on the following questions:
• Who were the key actors and organizations managing irrigation water resources through different political regimes?
• How did formal and informal institutions structure cooperation and conflict resolution over irrigation water resources?
• How did the diversity of competing interests of the various actors in water governance impact the peacebuilding process?
The research will utilize a mixed-method methodology that allows collecting data from various sources and in-depth analysis on a specific spatial temporary scale. There will be different phases to the investigation based on literature review, expert interviews, and remotely-sensed maps on land-use change to carefully reconstruct the post-conflict water resource management and peacebuilding projects in the study area in Afghanistan.