Edition 3/2019, 4 November 2019

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Using digital technology in the supermarket © maria savenko ǀ AdobeStock

IAMO Forum 2020 places focus on digital transformation

24 to 26 June 2020 will see the IAMO Forum 2020 take place in Halle (Saale), focusing on the topic "Digital transformation - towards sustainable food value chains in Eurasia". Digital technologies are beginning to fundamentally transform agricultural and food systems, not only in the EU, but also in the Eurasian transition countries. This offers new opportunities for more efficient, competitive and sustainable food value chains. In view of the rapid pace of technological change, achieving successful digital transformation requires the creation of supportive legal frameworks and infrastructure, the availability of human capital and gaining the trust of consumers and producers.The goal of the IAMO Forum 2020 is to bring together research, companies, politics and civil society and promote debate regarding economic, social, ecological and institutional aspects of the digital transformation of food value chains, as well as identifying solutions to problems. The geographical focus lies upon Europe, Central Asia and China, including regional comparative studies.

Further information about the IAMO Forum 2020 and the call for submissions can be found at www.iamo.de/forum/2020.

IAMO Forum 2020
Digital transformation – towards sustainable food value chains in Eurasia

24 – 26 June 2020
IAMO
| Halle (Saale)
www.iamo.de/forum/2020
#iamoForum20

Contact:
Inna Levkovych
Tel.: +49 345 2928-232
forum2020(at)iamo.de

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Katja Guhr © IAMO

New Administrative Director at IAMO

Katja Guhr has been appointed to IAMO Director and Head of Administration on 1 September 2019. Together with the three scientific directors, she is responsible for management and further strategic and operational guidance of the institute. Katja Guhr was previously a member of the administrative management team at IAMO from June 2017 to August 2019. Prior to this she was assistant to the president and research staff at the Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH), a member of the Leibniz Association. Katja Guhr is a trained banker and has a degree in Economics from the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg. During her studies she worked in various finance offices of BMW AG in Leipzig und Oxford, UK.

Contact:
Katja Guhr
Tel.: +49 345 2928-400
guhr(at)amo.de

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Harvesters in use in Central Asia © IAMO

Call for submissions: “Agricultural Innovations, Rural Development and Globalization Processes in Central Asia” workshop

Early next year, on 17 February 2020, a workshop will be held at IAMO on the subject of agricultural innovations, rural development and globalisation processes in Central Asia. Making sustainable use of agricultural potential calls for both innovations and reforms in the existing institutional environment. The challenges primarily concern the lack of transparency in land ownership and leasing relationships, high transaction costs, inadequate access to loans for farmers and the limited provision of public goods and services. However, innovations and integration in the global markets also have an impact on structural transition, the rural labour market, rural social economics and the behaviour of farmers. A comprehensive understanding of these processes is therefore all the more important.

Contributions from various academic disciplines may be submitted until 15 December 2019. Further information and the detailed call for submissions can be found here.

The event is sponsored by the ScienceCampus "Eastern Europe- Global Area” (EEGA).

Workshop "Agricultural Innovations, Rural Development and Globalization Processes in Central Asia”
17 February 2020
IAMO │ Halle (Saale)


Contact:
Nodir Djanibekov
Tel.: +49 345 2928-128
djanibekov(at)iamo.de

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Farm © tauav │ Fotolia.com

Closing date for the submission of abstracts for the “Political economy of agricultural policies and land relations” workshop is 17 November 2019

The “Political economy of agricultural policies and land relations” workshop is scheduled to take place at IAMO from 5 to 6 March 2020. The goal is to bring together researchers from various disciplines to improve the theoretical, empirical and methodical understanding of the decision making of political actors in the area of agricultural policy, rural development and land relations. In the European Union, the US and numerous emerging countries in Europe and Asia agricultural reforms are taking place or are the subject of active public discussion. Whilst numerous studies focus on the liberalising reforms of the 1990s and 2000s, the latest political developments have aroused less scientific attention. There is consequently particular interest in studies that examine the role of autocrats, party politics, interest groups and regional and national governments in the forming of agricultural policy and agricultural policy discourse. The second day of the workshop will concentrate in particular on the political economics of land relations in developing countries.

Contributions from various academic disciplines may be submitted until 17 November 2019. Participation in the workshop is free of charge. Further information and the detailed call for submissions can be found here.

Workshop "Political economy of agricultural policies and land relations"
5 - 6 March 2020
IAMO │ Halle (Saale)

Contact:
Vasyl Kvartiuk
Tel.: +49 345 2928-336
kvartiuk(at)iamo.de

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Farmers’ market: short distance between producer and consumer © Pixabay

Plans for project covering short supply chains in the Western Balkans and Turkey

IAMO is to collaborate with the Regional Rural Development Standing Working Group in South-Eastern Europe (SWG) on a project investigating the supply and value chains of smallholders in the Western Balkans region and Turkey. The focus here will be upon short food supply chains and their impact on the performance and future prospects of small agricultural enterprises. The study aims to analyse the complex web of sales channels, contractual agreements and agricultural policy conditions and identify potential and suitable practices for smallholders to enable them to derive greater benefit from short value chains. The international expertise for the project will be provided by IAMO researcher Judith Möllers. The project is supported by the European Commission.

Contact:
Judith Möllers
Tel.: +49 345 2928-245
moellers(at)iamo.de

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Advanced seminar on the subject of agricultural insurance © IAMO

CLIENT II project convinces Uzbek government of the importance of index-based insurance against climate risks

A decree of the Uzbek president on 2 August 2019 “On measures to reform the rapid development of the insurance market in the Republic of Uzbekistan” highlighted the importance of establishing an indexed insurance market in the agricultural sector. This measure has been repeatedly urged by KlimALEZ researchers over the past two years. The IAMO project “Climate resilience through agricultural insurance - innovation transfer for sustainable rural development in Central Asia” (KlimALEZ) developes innovative index insurance products against climate risks such as drought and aims at the introduction of an agricultural insurance programme for various Central Asian countries. The decree of the Uzbek government represents an important step in this direction. Partners from the fields of science, business and politics work together on the KlimAlez project to put research findings into practice. The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) is financing the project via the “CLIENT II - International partnerships for sustainable innovations” line of funding.

Contacts:
Ihtiyor Bobojonov
Tel.: +49 345 2928-247
bobojonov(at)iamo.de

Lena Kuhn
Tel.: +49 345 2928-323
kuhn(at)iamo.de


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© Länder-Analysen

Current editions of Russia and Ukraine analysis (Länder-Analysen) of IAMO researchers

In the current issue of the Russland-Analysen on "Russia’s stealthy rise to become the world’s largest grain exporter" the IAMO researchers Linde Götz, Miranda Svanidze, Florian Schierhorn and Maximilian Heigermoser address the question of the impact of this leading role for the international grain trade and global food security. The first article provides an overview of the characteristics of the Russian cereal market and raises the question of the extent to which the as yet unexploited wheat production potential could be mobilised. The second article focuses on the peculiarities of the Russian grain trade and the significance of the steady rise in Russian wheat exports for the global wheat trade. Download (German)

The Länder-Analysen are published by IAMO jointly with five further scientific establishments. In addition to Russia, the spectrum of countries also includes Ukraine, Poland, Belarus and Central Asia. In the latest edition of the Ukraine-Analysen Vasyl Kvartiuk and Thomas Herzfeld recently published an article on Ukrainian land market reforms. The new Ukrainian government plans to lift the moratorium on the sale of agricultural land that has been in place since 2002. The article provides an overview of the central aspects of the land market reform and discusses various policy options that could contribute most effectively to the growth of the Ukrainian agricultural sector and to the sustainable development of rural regions. Download (German)

Contacts:
Linde Götz (Russia)
Tel.: +49 345 2928-327
goetz(at)iamo.de

Vasyl Kvartiuk (Ukraine)
Tel.: +49 345 2928-336
kvartiuk(at)iamo.de


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Chinese delegation from the Ministry of Agriculture © IAMO

IAMO welcomes Chinese delegation from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs

On 25 September 2019 a delegation from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs (MARA), China, visited IAMO. In the discussion with IAMO Director Thomas Glauben and the co-ordinator of the China International Research Group, Zhanli Sun, the visitors, led by the director of the Legal and Regulatory department, Jinyao Zong, talked about the institute and its research projects and spoke of the current challenges facing rural regions. In recent years IAMO has worked intensively to promote bilateral scientific exchange and policy dialogue between China and Germany. Thomas Glauben and Zhanli Sun presented the various China-related activities and projects at IAMO, in particular the China International Research Group and the German-Sino Agricultural Centre. The challenges of rural development, including country-town migration, infrastructure investment and the shortage of labour in the countryside as well as the provision of education and healthcare in Germany and China were further topics of discussion. The participants agreed that co-operation and comparative studies are advantageous to both countries and looked forward to further exchanges in the future.

Contact:
Thomas Glauben
Tel.: +49 345 2928-200
glauben(at)iamo.de

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Cotton harvesting machines for field use in Uzbekistan © IAMO

Research team of the SUSADICA doctoral programme tests data collection instruments in Central Asia

In the summer of 2019 researchers visited exemplary field sites in Central Asia in the scope of the SUSADICA doctoral programme. The goal of the researchers Suray Charyyeva, Zafar Kurbanov, Abdusame Tadjiev, Golib Sanaev and Nodir Djanibekov was to test experimental and qualitative data collection instruments that are intended to provide insights into the complexity of decisions faced by farmers with regard to production and resource management. The talks delivered initial insights into, for example, opportunities for employment outside of agriculture, suitable strategies for income diversification and preparedness to make decisions regarding the introduction of new technologies, such as drip irrigation, resource-efficient farming or cotton harvesting machines. In the process, it proved possible to observe highly differing approaches of farmers in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, which are now to be investigated further. In planned comparative analyses and field visits the doctoral students of the structured doctoral programme on sustainable agricultural development in Central Asia (SUSADICA) will examine the social, economic, behavioural and institutional determinants of these decision-making processes more closely.

A detailed report can be found here.

Contact:
Nodir Djanibekov
Tel.: +49 345 2928-128
djanibekov(at)iamo.de

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Bay of Ålesund, Norway © IAMO

Workshop on salmon value chains in Ålesund

IAMO researchers took part in a workshop on the salmon case study in Ålesund, Norway, this summer. The SINTEF Ocean organisation issued an invitation in collaboration with the VALUMICS project to representatives of the salmon industry to exchange experiences regarding the planning of supply chains, the role of market dynamics as well as economic and ecological risks in the salmon value chain. This involved presentation of the findings from the VALUMICS project and discussion of approaches for improved understanding of the dynamics of the value chain, for better preparedness for future challenges. VALUMICS is a research and innovation project funded by the Horizon2020 programme with a budget of 6 million euros. The project focuses on five value chain cases in Europe: Beef, dairy products, wheat, tomatoes and salmon. The project compares the organisation, integrity, resilience and sustainability of the respective value chains. The salmon case study concentrates on the Norwegian value chain for farmed salmon, including its marketing and consumption in Europe. A detailed report can be found here.

Contact:
Tinoush Jamali Jaghdani
Tel.: +49 345 2928-218
jaghdani(at)iamo.de

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Participants in the Smartchain workshop in Halle (Saale) © IAMO

Workshop on grain production in North Africa

In the scope of an international workshop at IAMO from 18 to 20 June 2019 on the subject “Innovations for increasing the income of smallholders and resilience in the wheat supply chain in North Africa” the opportunities for future co-operation between IAMO and research institutions in the North African region were investigated. During the meeting with national representatives from Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia and Sudan problems and challenges of the agricultural sector were discussed, such as the environmental impact of cereal production. For example, the straw that remains after the harvest is often burned, with negative consequences for the climate. In addition, agricultural production in North African countries is highly inefficient. Fields are flooded with scarce water resources and the excessive use of fertilisers and pesticides leads to soil damage. Furthermore, it is essential that food production is increased to cover the needs of a fast-growing population, thus reducing migration from rural regions to the cities or the EU. In particular, the participants discussed the possibility of securing sustainable food production. The international workshop was financially supported by the Leibniz Research Alliance "Crises in a Globalized World".

Contacts:
Linde Götz
Tel.: +49 345 2928-327
goetz(at)iamo.de

Osama Naser El-Din Ahmed
Tel.: +49 345 2928-250
naser(at)iamo.de 


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Personalia

+++ On 15 July 2019 Nozilakhon Mukhamedova successfully defended her doctoral thesis entitled “Responses to Agrarian Transition in Central Asia”. +++ The IAMO researcher Miranda Svanidze also successfully defended her dissertation with the title “Spatial Market Efficiency of Grain Markets in the Post-soviet Countries and Implications for Global Food Security” on 21 October 2019. +++ IAMO welcomes the researchers Minghui Zhang, Victor Kovalev, Bakhrom Mirkasimov, Adam Goddard and Magnus Neubert as new staff at the institute. +++ On 1 October 2019 Pascal Donath commenced his studies in the scope of a dual study course for a Bachelor of Science in Information Technology. IAMO warmly welcomes him to the team and wishes him a successful and interesting training period. +++

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Publications

All Publications

IAMO Annual 2019
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IAMO Annual 2019
Download English

IAMO Policy Briefs

Petrick, M., Djanibekov, N. (2019): Farm restructuring in Uzbekistan: What next?, Nr. 36, Halle (Saale). Download

IAMO Discussion Papers

Aganov, S., Kepbanov, Y., Ovezmuradov, G. (2019): Реструктуризация сектора животноводства в Туркменистане (Restructuring of livestock sector in Turkmenistan), IAMO Discussion Paper No. 189, Halle (Saale). Download

Koester, U., von Cramon-Taubadel, S. (2019): Besonderheiten der landwirtschaftlichen Arbeitsmärkte, IAMO Discussion Paper No. 184, Halle (Saale). Download

Koester, U., von Cramon-Taubadel, S. (2019): Besonderheiten der landwirtschaftlichen Kreditmärkte, IAMO Discussion Paper No. 185, Halle (Saale). Download

Kvartiuk, V., Herzfeld, T. (2019): Welfare effects of land market liberalization scenarios in Ukraine: Evidence-based economic perspective, IAMO Discussion Paper No. 186, Halle (Saale). Download

Naumov, Y., Pugach, I. (2019): Проблемы и перспективы развития животноводства в Узбекистане (Problems and prospects for livestock development in Uzbekistan), IAMO Discussion Paper No. 188, Halle (Saale). Download

Svanidze, M., Götz, L. (2019): Spatial market efficiency of grain markets in Russia and global food security: A comparison with the USA, IAMO Discussion Paper No. 187, Halle (Saale). Download

Umarov, K. (2019): Сектор животноводства в Таджикистане: Проблемы устойчивого и сбалансированного развития (Livestock sector in Tajikistan: Problems of sustainable and balanced development), IAMO Discussion Paper No. 190, Halle (Saale). Download

IAMO Studies
Chezhia, G. (Hrsg.: IAMO) (2019): Oligopsony power in the Kazakh grain supply chain, Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Bd. 94, Halle (Saale). Download

Kulyk, I. (Hrsg.: IAMO) (2019): Analysis of impediments to grain export from Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan: three essays, Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Bd. 93, Halle (Saale). Download

Further selected publications

Ahmed, O., Sallam, W. (2019): Exploring the dynamic correlation between the future wheat markets and Egyptian spot prices, in: 3rd International Conference on Food and Agricultural Economics: Proceedings book, pp. 1-17. Download

Amirova, I. (Hrsg.: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt) (2019): Collective action, institutions and the evolution of Central Asian irrigation water governance, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Halle (Saale). Download

Appel, F., Heinrich, F., Balmann, A. (Hrsg.: EAAE) (2019): Structural implications of the CAP reform after 2020. Download

Balmann, A., Appel, F., Heinrich, F., Pitson, C. (Hrsg.: EAAE) (2019): 'Agricultural policy for the environment or environmental policy for agriculture?' : On myths and (stylized) reality. Download

Buchenrieder, G., Brandl, J. S., Balgah, R. A. (2019): Die Risikowahrnehmung von Überschwemmungen durch Betroffene in Babessi, Kamerun, in: Pelizäus, H., Nieder, L. (Hrsg.): Das Risiko - Gedanken übers und ins Ungewisse : Interdisziplinäre Aushandlungen des Risikophänomens im Lichte der Reflexiven Moderne. Eine Festschrift für Wolfgang Bonß, S. 389-425. Download

Chatalova, L., Wolz, A. (2019): Die Probleme der Anderen: Sind Landwirte für den ländlichen Raum zuständig?, Berichte über Landwirtschaft, Jg. 97, Nr. 2, S. 1-29. Download

Goretzki, P., Perekhozhuk, O., Glauben, T., Loy, J.-P. (2019): Price discrimination and market power in the international fertiliser market: empirical evidence for exports from Russia, Agricultural and Resource Economics: International Scientific E-Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 5-24. Download

Graubner, M., Ostapchuk, I., Gagalyuk, T. (Hrsg.: EAAE) (2019): Agroholdings and land rental markets: A spatial competition perspective. Download

Gyulgyulyan, L., Bobojonov, I. (2019): Factors influencing on participation to agricultural cooperatives in Armenia, Regional Science Inquiry, Vol. XI, No. 1, pp. 121-134. Download

Hajdu, A., Visser, O. (Hrsg.: EAAE) (2019): Dynamics of the agricultural land market in Romania - Non-agricultural investments in primary agriculture.

Heinrich, F., Appel, F. (2019): Adaption des Agrarstrukturmodells AgriPoliS zur Modellierung außerlandwirtschaftlicher Investoren in der Biogasproduktion, in: Henning, C., Hess, S., Latacz-Lohmann, U., Loy, J.-P., Thiele, H., Braatz, M. (Hrsg.): Visionen für eine Agrar- und Ernährungspolitik nach 2020 (Schriften der Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaus, Bd. 54), S. 237-248. Download

Heinrich, F., Appel, F., Balmann, A. (Hrsg.: EAAE) (2019): Effects of land market regulation - agent-based simulation of the NASG in Niedersachsen. Download

Hirschauer, N., Grüner, S., Mußhoff, O., Becker, C., Jantsch, A. (Hrsg.) (2019): Can p-values be meaningfully interpreted without random sampling? Download

Jantsch, A., Veenhoven, R. (2019): Private Wealth and Happiness - A Research Synthesis Using an Online Findings-Archive, in: Brulé, G., Suter, C. (2019): Wealth(s) and Subjective Well-Being. Springer. Cham, pp. 17-50. Download

Kloss, M., Petrick, M. (2019): Special study: The productivity of family and hired labor in EU arable farming, in: Davidova, S. M., Thomson, K. J., Mishra A. K. (eds.): Rural Policies and Employment : TransAtlantic Experiences, pp. 83-92. Download

Krivonos, E., Kuhn, L. (2019): Trade and dietary diversity in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Food Policy, Vol. 88. Download

Kvartiuk, V. (2019): Trust, mental models and community participation in transition: Evidence from rural Ukraine, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, Vol. 52, No. 2, pp. 155-168. Download

Levers, C., Müller, D. (2019): Mapping export-oriented crop production, in: Friis C., Nielsen J. (eds.) Telecoupling : Exploring land-use change in a globalised world, pp. 89-113. Download

Mastrangelo, M., Sun, Z., Seghezzo, L., Müller, D. (2019): Survey-based modeling of land-use intensity in agricultural frontiers of the Argentine dry Chaco, Land Use Policy, Vol. 88. Download

Meuwissen, M., Feindt, P., Spiegel, A., Termeer, K., Mathijs, E., De Mey, Y., Finger, R., Balmann, A., Wauters, E., Urquhart, J., Vigani, M., Zawalińska, K., Herrera, H., Nicholas-Davies, P., Hansson, H., Paas, W., Slijper, T., Coopmans, I., Vroege, W., Ciechomska, A., Accatino, F., Kopainsky, B., Poortvliet, P. M., Candel, J., Maye, D., Severini, S., Senni, S., Soriano, B., Lagerkvist, C. J., Peneva, M., Gavrilescu, C., Reidsma, P. (2019): A framework to assess the resilience of farming systems, Agricultural Systems, Vol. 176. Download

Mukhamedova, N. (Hrsg.: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt) (2019): Responses to agrarian transition in Central Asia, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), Halle (Saale). Download

Ostapchuk, I., Graubner, M., Gagalyuk, T. (2019): The Potential of Ukrainian Crop Production: Profit and Yield-based Projections, in: Henning, C., Hess, S., Latacz-Lohmann, U., Loy, J.-P., Thiele, H., Braatz, M. (Hrsg.): Visionen für eine Agrar- und Ernährungspolitik nach 2020 (Schriften der Gesellschaft für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften des Landbaus, Bd. 54), pp. 3-16. Download

Petrick, M., Götz, L. (2019): Herd Growth, Farm Organisation and Subsidies in the Dairy Sector of Russia and Kazakhstan, Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 70, No. 3, pp. 789-811. Download

Ren, Y., Li, H., Wang, X. (2019): Family income and nutrition-related health: Evidence from food consumption in China, Social Science & Medicine, Vol. 232, pp. 58-76. Download

Ren, Y., Castro Campos, B., Loy, J.-P., Brosig, S. (2019): Low-income and overweight in China: Evidence from a life-course utility model, Journal of Integrative Agriculture, Vol. 18, No. 8, pp. 1753-1767. Download

Rufin, P., Gollnow, F., Müller, D., Hostert, P. (2019): Synthesizing dam-induced land system change, Ambio: a journal of human environment, Vol. 48, No. 10, pp. 1183-1194. Download

Schierhorn, F., Kastner, T., Kuemmerle, T., Meyfroidt, P., Kurganova, I., Prishchepov, A., Erb, K., Houghton, R. A., Müller, D. (2019): Large greenhouse gas savings due to changes in the post-Soviet food systems, Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 14, No. 6, pp. 1-12. Download

Svanidze, M., Götz, L., Duric, I., Glauben, T. (2019): Food security and the functioning of wheat markets in Eurasia: A comparative price transmission analysis for the countries of Central Asia and the South Caucasus, Food Security, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 733-752. Download

Svanidze, M., Götz, L. (2019): Spatial market efficiency of grain markets in Russia: Implications of high trade costs for export potential, Global Food Security, Vol. 21, pp. 60-68. Download

Uhl, K. M., Perekhozhuk, O., Glauben, T. (2019): Russian market power in international wheat exports: Evidence from a residual demand elasticity analysis, Journal of Agricultural & Food Industrial Organization, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 1-13. Download

Valentinov, Vladislav; Pies, Ingo (2018) From complexity reduction to moral character: a Deweyian reading of Luhmann’s social systems theory. Systems Research and Behavioral Science 35 (6): 632-644. Download

Zhang, F., Ren, H., Miao, L., Lei, Y., Duan, M. (2019): Simulation of Daily Precipitation from CMIP5 in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, Scientific Online Letters on the Atmosphere (SOLA), Vol. 15, pp. 68-74. Download

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